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应试英语常用动词惯用法

2016-11-02 13:48 来源:育博远教育 作者:育博远市场推广部

 动词原形: 

1 情态动词后用动词原形

 2 do  does  did以及don’t  doesnt  didn’t 后用动词原形

 3  let sb do sth 让某人做某事

 4 why not do sth = why dont you do sth? 为什么不做某事呢?

 5 had better do sth 最好做某事  否定形式 had better not do sth 最好不要做某事

 6 make sb do sth 使得某人做某事  

动词 to do 形式

 want to do sth 要做某事

 like to do sth 想要做某事 

Tell sb to do sth 告诉某人要做某事 否定形式

 Tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事

 Ask sb to do sth  要求某人做某事

 Ask sb not to do sth  要求某人不做某事( 否定形式

Plan to do sth 计划做某事

 Decide to do sth 决定做某事

 Its time to do sth 做某事的时间到了

 动词 ing 形式

 1 介词后面用ing形式

Enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事

Like doing sth 喜欢做某事

Feel like doing sth 想要做某事

Be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

 

 

    Be good at doing sth 擅长做某事 

How about doing sth = what about doing sth ....怎么样?

 Be interested in doing sth 做某事很感兴趣

     1. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人去做某事

    My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.

2. asked sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)  

  My father asked me to study hard.    He asked me not to swim alone.    

be asked to do sth. 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday. 

3. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事    She is afraid to ask me questions. 

4. be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事    I am afraid of going out at night.

5. be afraid of sth. 害怕某物    He is afraid of snakes.

  6. be amazed to do sth. 对做某事感到惊讶  

 He was amazed to meet the girl there.   

  be amazed at sth. 对某事感到惊讶 

  they were amazed at the news 

7. be busy doing/with sth. 忙于做某事 (常考)   

e.g: I was busy washing my car at that time.

 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。    I am busy with my work.

 8. be coming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)   

the bus is coming/the dog is dying.

 9. be excited to do sth. 对做……感到兴奋  

 Jacky was excited to travel there

 

    by plane.

be excited at sth.  

 Lily was excited at his words. 

  be excited about doing sth. 

  he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books. 

10. be frightened to do sth. 害怕去做某事    Sam is frightened to ride a horse.

11. be glad/happy to do sth. 高兴去做某事  

 she is happy to clean the blackboard with me.

    be pleased to do sth. 高兴做某事

  she was pleased to help the old man yesterday  be pleased with sth. 对某事感到高兴/满意

   the teacher was pleased with my answer. 

12. be interested in sth./doing sth. 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣   

she is interested in swimming in the river. 

  My brother is interested in Chinese.

13. be/get ready for/to do sth.   

Be ready for sth. 为某事做好了准备

   We are ready for the exam.  

 Be ready to do sth. 为做某事做好了准备

We are ready to have a birthday party for her.   

get ready for sth.为某事在做准备    We are getting ready for the exam.   

 get ready for sth. 为做某事而做准备

13. be sorry to do sth. 对做某事感到抱歉   

  14. be surprised to do sth. 对做某事感到惊奇   

be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇

 15. be worth doing sth. 值得做某事 (worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

 16. begin to do sth.    begin/start to do/doing sth.

17. can/be able to afford (to buy) sth. 有能力购买()……

18. can/may/must do sth. could/would/should/might do sth.

19. cant wait to do sth. 迫不急待地去做某事